ExamsNation

ExamsNation is India's leading online learning portal. Get Latest Exam news, Private & Government Job Alerts and Free Study Materials for Exam preparations.

Preamble to the Indian Constitution

Text of the Preamble

WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure all its citizens:

JUSTICE, Social Economic and Political:

LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;

EQUALITY of status and of opportunity, and to promote among them all;

FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of nation;

IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION

The Ingredients of the Preamble

The Preamble of the Indian constitution contains the following ingredients:

  • Sources of authority of the Indian Constitution,
  • Nature of Indian State
  • Objectives of the Constitution
  • Date of adoption of the Constitution

Important Keywords in the Preamble

  • Soverign
  • Secular
  • Republic
  • Liberty
  • Fraternity
  • Socialist
  • Democratic
  • Justice Equality

Sovereign

  • India – Neither a dependency nor a dominion
  • 1949 membership of commonwealth of nations
  • British crown as the head
  • Membership of UNO
  • Acquire foreign territory or cede part of its territory

Socialist

  • Added by 42nd Amendment in 1976
  • Before Present in Directive Principles of State Policy
  • 1955, Congress party “Socialist pattern of society’ – Avadi Session
  • Democratic Socialism
  • Mixed economy – Public and Private Sector
  • Communistic Socialism
  • Production and Distribution; No private Property
  • Indian Socialism – blend of Marxism and Gandhism

Secular

  • Added by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1976
  • 1974, the supreme court said ‘secular state not expressedly mentioned in the constitution
  • Article 25 to 28 – fundamental rights to freedom of religion
  • All religions have same status and support

Democratic

  • Two types
    1. Direct (Adopted from Switzerland)
      • supreme power – people
      • 4 devices: Referendum, Initiative, Recall and Plebiscite
    2. Indirect (India)
      • supreme power: Representatives elected by people
      • Two kinds – Parliamentary & Presidential
  • Dr. Ambedkar (Nov 25, 1949)
    1. Political democracy cannot last unless social democracy
    2. Social democracy: liberty, equality and fraternity

Republic

Democratic Polity into two categories

  1. Monarchy
    • Head – King/Queen (Britain)
  2. Republic
    1. Elected Head Directly/indirectly (USA, India)
  • Political Sovereignty with people, not in single individual
  • Public offices open to all citizens without discrimination

Justice

  • Secured in Fundamental rights and Directive Principles
  • Three forms
    1. Social Justice – All citizens are equal irrespective of caste, creed, race, religion, sex etc.
    2. Economic Justice – Non-Discrimination between people on basis of wealth, income, property
    3. Political Justice – Equal Political rights; equal access to all political offices.

Liberty

  • Absence of Restraints
  • Providing Opportunities for Development
  • Liberty of thought, expression, faith, worship, and belief.

Liberty, equality and fraternity taken from Fresh revolution (1789-1799)

Equality

  • Absence of special privileges to any section of society, Without any discrimination
  • Equality of Status and Opportunity
  • Civic Equality
  • Equality before the law (Article 14)
  • Prohibition of Discrimination (Article 15)
  • Equality of Opportunity – Public Employment (Article 16)
  • Abolition of untouchability and titles (Articles 17 & 18)
  • Political equality
  • Lok Sabha and State assemblies election – Adult Suffrage (Article 326)
  • Economic Equality
  • Men and Women – Equal
  • Equal Pay for equal work

Fraternity

  • Brotherhood
  • Single Citizenship
  • Artice 51A – Promotes Harmony and Brotherhood
  • Assures two things
    1. Dignity of the individual
    2. Unity and Integrity of the nation

Preamble to the Indian Constitution
Scroll to top