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CPR/AED for Rescuers & First Aid Test Questions

1. You arrive on a scene where someone seems to be hurt. During the primary assessment, you should check for all of the following EXCEPT:
a. Swelling.
b. Bleeding.
c. Breathing.
d. Consciousness.

2. How can you best protect yourself from possible bloodborne pathogen transmission when providing care?
a. Use protective equipment, such as disposable gloves and a breathing barrier, when
providing care.
b. Ask the victim first if they have any communicable diseases.
c. Thoroughly wash your hands before providing care.
d. Use first aid supplies, such as dressings and bandages, as a barrier when in contact with the victim.

3. Which of the following would you identify as the universal sign that a conscious person is choking?
a. Coughing
b. Ability to speak or cry
c. Yelling out “I’m choking”
d. Clutching the throat

4. As you are giving ventilations with a resuscitation mask, the victim vomits. Which of the following would you do first?
a. Leave the victim in a face-up position and clear the airway of the vomit immediately.
b. Reposition the victim’s head to reopen the airway.
c. Use greater force when ventilating to bypass the vomit.
d. Turn the victim onto their side and clear the airway of the vomit immediately

5. You are providing care to a conscious infant who is choking. When giving chest thrusts, which of the following would you use?
a. Fist of the hand
b. Two or three fingers
c. Heel of the hand
d. Two hands

6. You determine that a victim is unresponsive but breathing. While waiting with the victim for EMS personnel, you would position the victim:
a. Face-up.
b. On their abdomen.
c. In a recovery position.
d. Sitting up straight.

7. While preparing to use an automated external defibrillator (AED) on a victim, you notice a medication patch on the victim’s chest. Which action is most appropriate?
a. Removing the patch with a gloved hand.
b. Applying one of the pads directly over the patch.
c. Placing one pad on the victim’s chest and the other on their back.
d. Wiping the victim’s chest dry, avoiding the patch.

8. You are giving ventilations to a 5-year-old child using a resuscitation mask. You should give 1 ventilation about every:
a. 1 second
b. 3 seconds
c. 2 seconds
d. 5-6 seconds

9. Which of the following statements about bag-valve-mask resuscitators (BVMs) is most accurate?
a. BVMs are readily available at all emergency scenes.
b. When used by a single rescuer, BVMs allow easy coordination with chest compressions.
c. Ventilations are more effective when two rescuers operate the BVM.
d. Monitoring the victim for full exhalation is not required.

10. When giving chest compressions to an adult, how would you position your hands?
a. Side-by-side at the middle of the victim’s chest
b. Encircling the chest with the thumbs centered at the nipple line
c. Heel of one hand on the center of the chest with the other hand on top
d. Three fingers of one hand on the chest with the palm of the other on top

11. Which of the following statements about performing CPR with two or more rescuers is true?
a. To reduce rescuer fatigue, rescuers should switch positions as soon as another rescuer arrives on scene.
b. To reduce rescuer fatigue, rescuers should switch positions about every two minutes or when the AED is analyzing.
c. While one rescuer is performing the primary assessment, the assisting responder should perform ventilations using a BVM.
d. While one rescuer is performing the primary assessment, the assisting responder should plate and seal their resuscitation mask over the victim’s mouth and nose.

12. You are performing CPR on a victim and an assisting responder arrives. Which of the following is most appropriate for the assisting responder to do first?
a. Begin giving ventilations to the victim.
b. Call for a change in position to assist with CPR.
c. Have the first lifeguard stop CPR to allow for victim reassessment.
d. Check to see whether EMS personnel have been called.

13. Which of the following findings would lead you to determine that an infant’s airway is open and not obstructed?
a. The infant is not breathing.
b. The infant is crying uncontrollably.
c. The infant is unable to speak.
d. The infant’s chest fails to rise and fall.

14. Which of the following findings would lead you to determine that an infant’s airway is open and not obstructed?
a. The infant is not breathing.
b. The infant is crying uncontrollably.
c. The infant is unable to speak.
d. The infant’s chest fails to rise and fall.

15. During a primary assessment, which of the following should you check first?
a. Responsiveness
b. Airway
c. Breathing
d. Circulation

16. You are walking on the pool deck when the swim team coach suddenly collapses in front of you. During your primary assessment you find that the victim does not have a pulse, you should:
a. Give ventilations at a rate of 1 about every 5-6 seconds.
b. Immediately begin CPR using cycles of 30 compressions followed by 2 ventilations.
c. Give two ventilations before beginning CPR.
d. Immediately begin CPR using cycles of 15 compressions followed by 2 ventilations.

17. Based on which of the following signs and symptoms would you determine that a victim is experiencing respiratory distress?
a. Complaints of feeling “really thirsty”
b. Sneezing with watery eyes
c. Gasping for breath
d. Yellowish skin

18. You and another lifeguard find an unresponsive adult on the locker room floor. The other lifeguard goes to summon EMS personnel. You form an initial impression, complete a primary assessment and find that the victim has a pulse but is not breathing. Which of the following should you do next?
a. Give the victim back blows and chest thrusts.
b. Give ventilations at a rate of about 1 every 5-6 seconds.
c. Perform CPR
d. Perform a finger sweep of the victim’s mouth.

19. As the only lifeguard performing CPR on a 7-year-old child, you would perform cycles of:
a. 15 chest compressions and 2 ventilations.
b. 20 chest compressions and 1 ventilation.
c. 25 chest compressions and 1 ventilation.
d. 30 chest compressions and 2 ventilations.

20. An AED indicates that “No shock is advised.” Which of the following is most appropriate to do next?
a. Perform CPR for about 2 minutes.
b. Monitor the victim’s airway and breathing.
c. Readjust the pad placement on the victim.
d. Turn off the AED for 5 seconds and try again.

21. You are providing care to an adult who is unresponsive and not breathing as a result of a drowning. You give your first ventilation before performing CPR and notice that the chest does not rise. Which of the following should you do next?
a. Change the position of the mask and then look for chest movement.
b. Blow into the mask more forcefully and then look for the chest to rise.
c. Re-tilt the victim’s head and then attempt another ventilation.
d. Give 5 back blows and then check the victim’s mouth.

22. You and a fellow lifeguard are giving ventilations using a BVM. You position the mask over the victim’s mouth and nose. What should the other lifeguard do?
a. Ensure that the mask is sealed.
b. Squeeze the bag with both hands.
c. Open the airway with the thumbs.
d. Position fingers behind the jawbone.

23. You and another lifeguard are preparing for CPR on an adult who collapsed in the locker room. You determine that there is no breathing or pulse and state, “Victim has no pulse. Begin CPR.” Which of the following should the other lifeguard do next?
a. Check for breathing.
b. Give 2 ventilations.
c. Begin chest compressions.
d. Open the airway.

24. Which of the following is most essential to use when giving ventilations to protect you and the victim from disease transmission?
a. Protective clothing
b. Resuscitation masks
c. Gowns
d. Protective eyewear

25. Which of the following should you do first when approaching the scene of an emergency?
a. Size-up the scene while forming an initial impression.
b. Complete a primary assessment.
c. Obtain the victim’s consent to provide care.
d. Summon EMS personnel.

26. To ensure high-quality CPR and high-quality chest compressions, you should:
a. Keep your shoulders directly over your hands and bend your elbows.
b. Expose the victim’s chest to ensure proper hand placement and full chest recoil.
c. Compress the victim’s chest to a shallow depth.
d. Place the victim on a soft, flat surface.

27. When using an AED, which of the following should you do immediately after attaching the AED pads to the victim’s chest?
a. Push the “Shock” button.
b. Turn on the AED.
c. Tell everyone to stand clear.
d. Wipe the victim’s chest dry.

28. A person has been injured and is responsive. You obtain consent to check the victim for life-threatening conditions. What life-threatening condition would require you to immediately summon EMS personnel?
a. Minor cuts and scrapes
b. Persistent chest pain
c. Minor headache
d. Swollen ankle

29. You and a patron enter the locker room and find an unresponsive person lying on the floor. You size-up the scene, form an initial impression and then you begin performing a primary assessment. The patron asks, “Should we move them to the first aid room?” What should you do next?
a. Help the patron move the victim to the first aid room.
b. Tell the patron the victim should not be moved since there is no immediate danger.
c. Splash the victim’s face with cold water.
d. Tell the patron to move the victim while you get other lifeguards to help

30. An injured patron is responsive and bleeding. After summoning EMS personnel, obtaining consent and putting on disposable gloves, what is your next care step?
a. Elevate the wound if you can do so without causing further pain.
b. Press firmly against the wound with a sterile dressing and bandage.
c. Let the wound bleed until it stops on its own.
d. Treat the victim for shock by lying the victim down.

31. A 12-year-old child at a swim meet grabs their chest and begins to make wheezing noises. After you obtain consent to provide care, the child’s parent informs you that the child has a history of asthma, but does not have an inhaler nearby. What care should you provide?
a. Give 5 back blows.
b. Tell the victim to use an inhaler borrowed from a bystander.
c. Summon more advanced medical personnel and place the victim into a position that
helps breathing.
d. Wait 20 minutes to see if the breathing difficulty goes away.

32. A way to remember the questions to ask when taking a brief history is to use the acronym SAMPLE. What does the S in SAMPLE stand for?
a. Safety techniques
b. Secondary Assessment
c. Spinal Injury Assessment
d. Signs and Symptoms

33. A patron seems to be having a diabetic emergency. You should:
a. Give them glucose tablets.
b. Give them a diet soda.
c. Give them a class of water.
d. Give them a sugar free sports drink

34. A patron has slurred speech, is unable to lift their right arm level with her left arm and is unable to smile without one side of their face drooping. You make note of the time the symptoms started. These are symptoms of:
a. A head, neck or spinal injury.
b. A stroke.
c. Internal bleeding.
d. Poisoning.

35. If a victim is having a seizure in the water:
a. Support the victim with their head above water until the seizure ends.
b. Immediately get them out of the water.
c. Secure the victim onto a backboard.
d. Immediately move the victim to shallow water until the seizure ends, if the victim is in deep water.

36. All of the following are components of scene size-up EXCEPT:
a. Gathering an initial impression of the situation.
b. Calling for additional resources as needed.
c. Checking for responsiveness.
d. Looking for situations that are hazardous.

37. What is the first step you should take in caring for a victim with burns?
a. Keep the victim comfortable.
b. Remove the victim from the source of the burn.
c. Take steps to minimize shock.
d. Cool the burned area to stop the burning.

38. When giving abdominal thrusts to an adult who is choking, where should you position your fist?
a. In the middle of the abdomen, just below the navel
b. In the center of the breastbone
c. On the rib cage
d. In the middle of the abdomen, just above the navel

39. You are providing care to a patron who started choking on some food. The victim becomes unresponsive. Which of the following should you do first?
a. Attempt to give ventilations to the victim.
b. Lower the victim to the ground and begin CPR starting with chest compressions.
c. Lower the victim to the ground and open their airway.
d. Look inside the victim’s mouth and use your fingers to remove the obstruction.

40. Your initial impression reveals severe life-threatening bleeding in an adult victim who appears to be unresponsive. Your next step should be:
a. Open the airway and check for breathing and a pulse.
b. Perform a secondary assessment.
c. Control the bleeding with any available resources.
d. Immediately begin CPR.

41. Patron has cut their leg on the edge of the bleachers and is bleeding heavily. You think the patron is in shock because they:
a. Become restless and irritable.
b. Have a red rash.
c. Have dry skin.
d. Are calm and quiet.

CPR/AED for Rescuers & First Aid Test Questions
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