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Biology

Vitamin Deficiency Diseases

What is Vitamin Deficiency Disease: Vitamin deficiency diseases are diseases that are caused by the lack of one or more essential vitamins required for normal body function. Vitamin Deficiencies are caused by insufficient intake of specific vitamins in one’s diet over a long period of time. Vitamin Deficiency Diseases Vitamins Deficiency Diseases Vitamin A (Retinol) […]

Mendelian Disorders in Humans and their Types

What is Mendelian disorder? Mendelian Disorder is a genetic disorder caused by a single gene mutation. These disorders can be hereditary. It can be passed from parents to Children. Physicians carry out a Pedigree Analysis to detect Mendelian Disorder. Mendelian Disorders can be classified into 5 types which are autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, sex-linked recessive […]

Digestive Disorders: Causes & Symptoms

A digestive disorder is a disorder of the digestive system. Digestive disorder is one of the most common health conditions that affect millions of people around the world. The Digestive system involves organs such as Stomach, Pancreas, Intestine, Gall Bladder, Liver and Spleen. In this article, we will see the most common digestive disorders, their […]

What are Enzymes?

Enzymes are proteins which catalyse (Speed up) Biochemical reactions in the cell. They are denatured at high temperatures. Generally, Enzymes function in a narrow range of temperatures and pH. Each enzyme shows its highest activity at a particular temperature and pH called optimum temperature and optimum pH With the increase in substrate concentration, the velocity […]

Amino Acids Mnemonics – Tricks to Remember

The mnemonics to easily remember different types of amino acids are listed below. Medical Students can use these tricks to recall the names of Amino acids whenever needed. 1) Basic Tricks to Remember: Loves His Art Lysin Histidine Arginine 2) Acidic Tricks to Remember: As Glue Aspartic acid Glutamic acid 3) Polar Tricks to Remember: […]

Algae – Definition, Habitat, Characteristics, Types

Short Notes on Algae ALGAE Definition: Algae is a chlorophyll-bearing, simple, thalloid, autotrophic and largely aquatic organism Habitats: Naturally occur in moist stones, soils and wood occur in association with fungi – lichenanimals – sloth bear Form and size – highly variable Reproduction Vegetative reproduction – fragmentation. Asexual reproduction – different types of spores, common – zoospores […]

Types of Phyllotaxy

PHYLLOTAXY The pattern of arrangement of leaves on the stem or branch is called phyllotaxy. It helps to avoid overcrowding and provides every leaf with optimum sunshine. Phyllotaxy is usually of three types:- [1] ALTERNATE PHYLLOTAXY A single leaf arises at each node in an alternate manner.Examples are China rose, Mustard and Sunflower [2] OPPOSITE […]

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